NPR REPORT: ATTENTION STUDENTS, PUT YOUR LAPTOPS AWAY
The more words the students copied verbatim to their computers, the worse they performed on recall tests. But the students taking notes by hand performed better.
This is suggestive evidence that longhand notes may have superior external storage as well as superior encoding functions
The Pen is Mightier than the Keyboard: The Advantages of Writing Longhand Over Laptop Note Taking by Mueller, P.A., Oppenheimer, D.M.
Psychological Science June 2014 vol. 25 no. 6 1159-1168